Information you should know about HDR and its types
It is expected, but certainly, that you came across the term “HDR” on your phone camera or from large image processing applications, and we do not forget in particular on smart TV screens and digital cameras, here and after we learned in a previous article on HDR mode on mobile phones, we will now know On HDR technology on TV screens and streaming services, and what types? And the ideology of its work and its magic while watching, so if you are thinking of buying a new screen or acquiring one that supports this situation and its types, this article is important to you, and directly we start its lines.
First: Definition of HDR mode or technology
We start with the first lines of our article by introducing this technology, which is an abbreviation for “High Dynamic Range Imaging”, which means “High Dynamic Imaging” or “High Dynamic Range”, and it can be defined as a group of techniques that combine a group of “processing” images with the aim of highlighting Highlighting colors, and when defining them in practice? It is a technology that adds shadow detail and at the same time highlights the image while creating a wider range of colors when compared to the standard, lower quality “SDR” mode.
Second: the ideology of HDR mode
We mentioned a little while ago on the practical concept of HDR mode and frankly it is larger and more detailed than this concept, and we can summarize it with the main motto that this mode was developed for, which is “see what the eye sees in real life”, and before going into more detail, if you have experience in dealing with digital cameras With high processing, you will understand the terminology mentioned above, and at the same time I am working hard to bring the image closer to the average person, to make our article in the end of high quality.
Generally, when taking a photo or video, the brightest details in the image will be overexposed, at the same time, the less bright details will be less exposed to light, and this means that the image will lose its details in little exposure and overexposure, and this is exactly what traditional cameras do. You use a “single exposure” for each capture.
From this point of view came the need for HDR mode, and of course it has types that we will mention later, with which multiple exposures can be used at the same time, after that, simultaneous processing arises aimed at increasing the range of colors that we talked about and the contrast ratio, and the result is images that are closer to reality.
If we compare the “SDR” and “HDR” TV screens, the latter has the ability to show about 10 times the brightness of the first, and if we speak in the language of bits and numbers, the SDR screens give us 8-bit color while producing up to 256 colors per color or About 16.7 million different colors, as for HDR, it uses at least 10-bit color, and this means producing more than a billion colors, meaning 1, along with nine color zeros !!
And before completing this paragraph, it should be noted that not all TVs that support HDR technology are coming in the same quality, as there are some factors that govern this thing, on top of which is the resolution, the range of brightness and the next HDR standard or that the TV supports.
Third: the types of HDR
As we have mentioned more than once, HDR technology on TVs comes in more than one type, namely “HDR 10, HDR 10 Plus and Dolby Vision”, with the first type being the most common among the different TV screens, and in detail the capabilities of each type.
1. HDR 10
The first type, which is the most present on most TV screens, and with it the screen manufacturer will not have to pay anything for using this format as it is also an open source format, in addition to this, this type uses static metadata, and since it is fixed, this means that it includes One basis does not change for light levels, whether bright or low, and this thing may cause problems in the scenes presented by adopting the scene as too bright or too dark, which affects the rest of the scenes.
2. HDR 10 Plus or HDR 10+
Certainly, this type is better than the first type with static metadata, and it is coming with higher brightness and contrast levels, not to mention that it uses dynamic metadata, and this is very cool by showing all scenes and switching from one shot to another without affecting the rest of the scene, in the end, you will be The resolution is much stronger than HDR 10, and although it is completely free of any licenses, that is, it is open source, there are few broadcast services and TVs that support this format.
3. Dolby Vision
The third and last type, which represents a genius in the image output, and since it is developed by Dolby, it needs a license, meaning payment for the use of screen manufacturers for this format, and perhaps the similarity between it and HDR 10+ is that both of them use dynamic metadata, but with Dolby Vision The screen will be brighter, and most importantly, with Dolby Vision, you will get its advantages, regardless of how bright the TV screen is.
Important note: If you have a screen with Dolby Vision, it supports HDR10 + and HDR 10, and if you have a screen that supports HDR 10+, it supports HDR 10 without Dolby Vision.
Fourth and last: What are the devices and services that support HDR?
Honestly, there are a lot of devices that support HDR content including TV screens and almost all 4K streaming devices such as Google TV, Apple TV, Blu-Ray players and much, much more, and to see if your device supports this format, simply check the next box. With him, we advise you to use the HDMI 2.1 cable to get the most out of your TV that supports this technology.
Regarding services, fortunately, all major broadcast services support the HDR format, and some support the second and even third types, noting that YouTube TV, Hulu, HBO Max and Peacock TV do not support at the time of this writing the HDR format, in conclusion, To see what content supports an HDR type, you’ll notice a support icon describing whatever content you watch.