The Egyptian regime rules its control over the press and the media … The adoption of three laws that regulate blocking and confiscation
Sadat considered them ways to lose credibility and destroy the values of loyalty and belonging
CAIRO – Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has tightened his grip on the press and media in his country after he passed a series of laws over the past few days, which was rejected by hundreds of journalists. Members of the board of directors of the Syndicate of Journalists considered that they would lead to “execution of the press, codification and confiscation and allow the privatization of national newspapers.”
Al-Sisi, on Sunday, approved Law No. 178 of 2018 on the law of the National Information Authority, which was published in the Official Gazette.
The resolution, published in the Official Gazette, stipulates that the provisions of the accompanying law shall apply to the National Information Authority and shall apply to all State-owned entities, institutions, media and information websites.
Article (2) “All entities, institutions, media outlets and state-owned media websites, existing at the date of implementing this law, shall comply with the provisions of the accompanying law within one year from the date of its implementation.”
Article 3 requires the Board of Directors of the National Information Commission to form its current functions and functions until a decision is issued to form the new body in accordance with the provisions of the accompanying law.
Article 4 stipulates that «the executive regulation of the annexed law shall be issued by a decision of the Prime Minister within 3 months from the date of its implementation, after taking the opinion of the National Media Commission».
The Sisi declaration came after two days of ratification of the Law on Organizing the Press and Information, the Higher Council for Media Regulation, and the National Press Agency Law, which ratified Sunday Law No. 180 of 2018 on the organization of press and media and the Supreme Council for Media Regulation.
Law No. 96 of 1996 on the regulation of the press and Law No. 92 of 2016 promulgated the Law on the Institutional Organization of the Press and Information and repealed any provision that contravenes the provisions of this law.
It is also worth mentioning that Sisi last Friday ratified the issuance of the National Press Agency Law No. 179 of 2018, stipulating that “the National Press Commission shall continue its current composition in carrying out its duties and powers until it issues its new form in accordance with the provisions of the accompanying law. The executive regulation of the annexed law shall be issued by a decision of the Prime Minister within three months from the date of its implementation, after taking the opinion of the National Press Agency.
Mohamed Anwar Sadat, head of the Egyptian Reform and Development Party, said in response to the ratified laws: “With my full understanding of the importance of laws regulating media work and media institutions, the most recent of which is the issuance of the National Media Commission Law, And concerns and issues with all neutrality, transparency and openness ».
«Messages of incitement and hatred»
He explained in a statement on Monday that “the establishment of the systems and controls necessary to manage the institutions and media and other responsibilities entrusted to the National Media Authority to do it will not be enough unless the media re-confidence in the citizen and stop messages of incitement and hatred and avoids obscuring the issues and specific media planning Based guidance, monitoring and intervention in the selection of speakers in the media ».
He added: “We understand the importance and need to allow the reception of politicians, writers, intellectuals and thinkers with multiple national opinions who have differences or reservations on some existing policies based on national duty and professional responsibility to present the opinion and opinion of others and viewpoints as long as within the limits of decency and literature, And the public interest, and ultimately the public is the one who evaluates and is convinced and satisfied with what he sees and hear, but participates in reaching the most appropriate opinion in which the welfare of the homeland and the citizen ».
He continued: «What we see and live now is the state of information and not the state media, and the language is not the laws and codes of media honor and other significant terms meaning, and there is no minimum mechanism to apply or adhere to». He added that “the problem is the problem of the will of a state and the conviction of freedom of the media. Yes, the media builds and destroys societies. No one denies that, but tightening the grip and taking full control of it is the fastest way to dispel ideas, lose credibility and destroy values of loyalty and belonging. Egyptian newspaper.
The director of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), Bahi El-Din Hassan, criticized the new law to regulate journalism and media in Egypt.
“The task of law in Egypt is to legalize unreasonable policies and practices, and to criminalize what people enjoy throughout the globe,” he said in a tweet on Twitter.
The new law, which was passed by Sisi on Sunday, included 11 penalties for journalists who violate the articles of the law, including a fine ranging from 100,000 to 500,000 pounds if disclosure of information and documents is disclosed within the Supreme Council for Media Regulation.
The penalties also included a fine ranging from 50,000 to 100,000 Egyptian pounds, if the journalist violated the ban on publication, and dealt with the investigation or trial authorities in a way that affects the centers of the investigation and the failure to publish correcting the wrong information.
A penalty of between 1 million and 3 million Egyptian pounds was imposed on the establishment of websites or the management of branches of websites without permission, the establishment or operation of any media or website without the authorization of the Supreme Council, Broadcast the content of the media on smart phones without the approval of the Supreme Media Council.
Rearrange the scene
In an attempt to reorganize the media scene in Egypt, 3 of Egypt’s most famous TV showmakers have been absent from the screen for the past few days, without explaining the reasons behind it, opening the door to controversy over the anger of the ruling circles in Egypt and trying to replace them with others.
In spite of the media announcement of Mays Al-Hadidi on her return to CBS after her annual vacation to present the program “Here the Capital”, and the launch of the channel Promo through YouTube for the return of the program again, but it was absent, did not appear on the screen.
“The holiday is over, we will be back in work, here in the capital, 9pm, next Saturday, September 1, God willing,” Hadidi said on Twitter on August 28.
The CBS network did not announce the reason for the disappearance of Lamis from the screen, or any subsequent data to explain why they did not appear.
Sources from within the family of the program «here the capital», that «Hadidi was following up with the team preparations for the return of the program until 6 pm on Saturday before the notification that one of the announcers of the channel is who will provide the paragraphs».
The announcer, Riham Ibrahim, presented last Saturday’s episode of the program “Here the Capital”, by Dlaman Hadidi.
In addition, the journalist Jaber Al-Qarmouti, the presenter of the “Manchet” program, appeared on the daytime screen, announcing his departure from the channel during the episode’s broadcast live from October.
He started his program “Manchit Al-Qarmouti” on Al-Nahar TV on February 1.
Sources from the channel that «Garamoti did not receive his financial dues during the past eight months, and also the program team have not received their salaries for a long time».
And the absence of media Wael El-Ibraishi, the presenter of the program «10 pm», without warning or clarification from the management of the channel «Dream».
One of the program’s employees said they were surprised that the program had been stopped for no reason and they did not know anything yet, and that the channel management gave them an open leave and did not tell them when they would return.